Tooth decay is one of the most common and prevalent ailments at any age. To reduce the risk of cavities, daily dental hygiene is essential, thus eliminating food remains, especially of drinks and sugary foods. In addition, it is advisable to periodically undergo dental cleaning to carry out in-depth prophylaxis, removing plaque and tartar in the most difficult to access areas with specific instruments. A chipped tooth or a tooth with a cavity are easily avoidable discomforts with proper hygiene and regular check-ups at your trusted dentist.


The teeth are covered by an outer layer called enamel, which protects the dentin, the substance from which the tooth is made. The cavityis the progressive destruction of the tooth enamel. When the bacteria of the dental plaque come into contact with food debris, they produce acids capable of damaging the tooth enamel, causing cavities, which can cause pain if not detected in time. A small cavitycan become complicated if it is not intervened soon, and it can lead to other types of more aggressive and painful cavities. When the cavity reaches the dental pulp and affects the nerve, the patient can suffer intense pain due to the infection and to solve it we would need another type of intervention, such as a root canal. If the hole in the tooth gets deeper and the infection affects other tissues, such as the bone, it can cause severe pain and even tooth loss.
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The cavity is one of the most common conditions and in the first phase it may not present pain. The clearest signs to detect a cavity are the appearance of discomfort or pain in teeth and difficulty biting or chewing.

Other symptoms of cavities are bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth, dental sensitivity, bleeding when brushing our teeth or the appearance of small holes in the teeth. If the cavity is more penetrating it can lead to an infection or abscess.

The team of dentists at Bruno Negri Integral Dental Clinic can help you detect cavities from the start through a meticulous visual inspection with magnifying glasses and magnification. A careful professional examination is the best method of prevention.


The most frequent causes of cavities are bacterial plaque or tartar. The plaque adheres to the teeth and accumulates over time. Correct brushing of the teeth and the action of saliva usually removes this dental plaque. The bacteria that form plaque produce acids that destroy the enamel, producing small lesions in the interdental spaces, grooves and pits of the enamel. This is where the cavity causes fissures that can affect the dentin and dental pulp, producing pulpitis.


Cavities in infants and chlidren is one of the most common oral diseases in the world. They can appear at any age, including cavities in baby teeth in children between 6 months and 5 years. The most important factors in the appearance of cavities in children are the lack of correct dental hygiene habits and a diet high in sugary foods such as fruit juices, carbohydrates, yogurts or sweets. In the teeth of children with cavities, aspects such as the hardness of the enamel or the immune response to bacteria, with an important genetic component, can also influence.


To address an early-stage cavity where only the enamel or dentin is affected, a filling treatment is used. Eliminating cavities from damaged tissue and restoring the dental piece with materials such as composite. When the cavity affects the nerve of the tooth, we perform a root canal or endodontic treatment, removing the nerve of the tooth and the infection, if any, and we fill the internal canals with biocompatible materials such as gutta-percha.


Our professional experience and scientific evidence indicate that the best way to prevent cavities is the combination of several healthy habits, such as brushing with fluoride toothpastes (a good protector against cavities), a diet that is low in carbohydrates and sugars, and visit your trusted dentist every 6 months for an assessment.